Constantinople, Fifth Ecumenical Council at
- Ecumenical council (q.v.) convened by Justinian I (q.v.) in 553 to condemn the Nestorianism (q.v.) of the Three Chapters (q.v.). Justinian's ulterior motive was to attempt to gain Monophysite (q.v.) adherence to the previous Council of Chalcedon (q.v.). In this he failed. Justinian's actions in these matters, which include his treatment of Pope Vigilius (qq.v.), can be seen as an example of caesaropapism (q.v.).
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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